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Abbreviations
Introduction
Chapter I
Chapter II
Chapter III
Chapter IV
Chapter V
Conclusion
Cast - France
Cast - Italy
Cast - Others
Bibliography

 

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Bibliography

A. MANUSCRIPT COLLECTIONS

1. Private Papers

Camille Barrère MSS, Archives du Ministers des Affaires Étrangères, Paris.
Theophile Delcassé MSS, Archives du Ministère des Affaires Étrangères, Paris.
Gabriel Hanotaux MSS, Archives du Ministère des Affaires Étrangères, Paris.
Luigi Luzzatti MSS, Archive Centrale dello Stato, Rome.
Menevée Collection, University of California, Los Angeles.
Porter MSS, Possession of the present writer.
Visconti Venosta MSS, Archivo Centrale dello Stato, Rome.

2. Official Papers

Archives du Ministère des Affaires Étrangères (Paris):
    Volumes pertinent to Barrère’s career in Stockholm, Munich, and Berne; and
    volumes in the Nouvelle Serie concerning the period 1898-1905.
    Also volumes of Correspondance commerciale containing despatches from Rome.

Archives du Ministère de la Guerre (Paris):
    Army attaché reports and Deuxième Bureau reports covering the period 1898-1905.

Archives du Ministère de la Marine (Paris):
    Naval attaché reports from Rome covering the period 1898-1905.

Archives Nationales (Paris):
    Correspondence of the Ministère de Finance.

Archivio Storico del Ministero degli Affair Esteri (Rome):
    Unbound political correspondence in the Serie politica dealing with Franco-
    Italian diplomacy, especially despatches from Count Tornielli to the Ministry.

B. PUBLISHED SOURCES

1. Governmental Documentary Collections

France, Ministère des affaires étrangères, Commission de publication des documents relatifs aux origins de la guerre de 1914, Documents diplomatiques francais (1871-1914). Paris, 1929-1962.

Ministère de la guerre, Etat-major de I'armee, Service historique. Les armees francaises dans la grande guerre, Paris, 1919-1922.

Journal official de la Republique francaise.

Germany. Johannes Lepsius, Albrecht Mendelssohn Barthody, and Friedrich Thimme (editors), Die Grosse Politik der Europaischen Kabinette 1871-1914. Berlin, 1922- 1927.

Great Britain, Foreign Office, British Documents on the Origins of the War, 1898-1914, George Peabody Gooch and Harold Temperley (editors). London, 1926-1938.

Italy, Ministero degli affari esteri, Commissione per la pubblicazione dei document! diplomat id, I Documenti diplomatici italiani. Rome, 1952-

2. Memoirs and Correspondence

Barrère, Camille, "La chute de Delcassé,' Revue des deux mondes, 1 August 1932,
    pp. 602-618.
--------------------. Lettres à Delcassé, Revue de Paris, 15 April 1937, pp. 721-763.
--------------------, Le prelude de 1' offensive allemande de 1905," Revue des deux mondes,
    1 February 1932, pp. 634-641,
--------------------, "Les résponsabilites du Prince de Bülow," Revue des deux mondes,
    1 May 1931, pp. 89-101.
Bompard, Maurice, Mon ambassade en Russie, 1903-1908. Paris, 1937.
Bülow, Bernhard von, Memoirs of Prince von Bülow. 4 vols. Boston, 1931.
Caillaux, Joseph, Mes memoires, 3 vols, Paris, 1942-1947.
Cambon, Paul, Correspondance 1870-1924. Henri Cambon, ed. 3 vols. Paris, 1940-1946.
Charles-Roux, Francois, Souvenirs diplomatiques d’un âge révolu. Paris, 1956.
--------------------, Trois ambassades francaises à la veille de la guerre. Paris, 1928
Combarieu, Abel, Sept ans à 1'Elysée avec le President Émile Loubet. Paris, 1932.
Cooke, W. Henry and Stickney, Edith P., eds. Readings in International Relations since 1879.
    New York, 1931.
Halevy, Daniel and Pillias, Emile, eds., Lettres de Gambetta. 1868-1882. Paris, 1938.
Hertslet, Sir E., The Map of Africa by Treaty. 3 vols, London, 1909.
Homberg, Octave, Les coulisses de I'histoire. Souvenirs 1898-1928. Paris, 1938.
Giolitti, Giovanni, Quarantfanni di politica italian, dalle carte Giovanni Giolitti
    (Institute Giangiacome Feltrinelli), 3 vols. Milan, 1962.
Joffre, J. J. C., Memoirs du maréchal Joffre (1910-1917).. 2 vols. Paris, 1932.
Laroche, Jules Alfred, Quinze ans à Rome avec Camille Barrère (1898-1913). Paris, 1948
Le Gall, "Les souvenirs de Louis Le Gall 1898-1899," in Charles Brabant, Félix Faure à 1'Elysée.
    Paris, 1963.
---------------, "Opinions de Paul Cambon sur le rôle, en politique étrangère de quelques
Ministres,et des divers Presidents de la Republique," Revue d'histoire diplomatique,
    July-September 1954, pp. 202-207.
Luzzatti, Luigi, Memorie tratte dal carteggio e da altri documenti. 2 vols. Bologna, 1931-1935.
Martini, Ferdinando, I diario eritreo. 4 vols. Florence, 1947.
Paleologue, Maurice, The Turning Point. Three Critical Years, 1904-1906. London, 1935.
Radiziwill, Princesse, Lettres de la Princesse Radziwill au General de Robilant, 1889-1914.
    4 vols. Bologna, 1933.
Rich, Norman and Fisher, M. M., eds., The Holstein Papers. 4 vols. Cambridge,
1955-1963.
Saint-Aulaire, Comte de, Confessions d’un vieux diplomate. Paris, 1953,
Sazonov, Serge, Fateful Years 1909-1916. New York, 1928.
Schelking, Eugene de, Recollections of a Russian Diplomat.The Suicide of Monarchies
    (William II and Nicholas II)
, New York, 1918,

3. Secondary Works

Albertini, Luigi, The Origins of the War of 1914. 3 vols. London, 1952r
---------------, Venti anni di vita politica, 3 vols. Bologna, 1950-1953.
Anderson, Eugene N., The First Moroccan Crisis 1904-1906. Chicago, 1930.
Andrew, Christopher, Théophile Delcassé and the Making of the Entente Cordiale.
    London, 1968.
Billot, Albert, La France et l’Italie. Histoire des années troublés, 1881-1899. 2 vols.
Paris, 1905.
---------------, "La triple alliance," Revue de Paris, 1 April 1901, pp. 500-533 ; and
    15 April 1901, pp. 740-774.
---------------, "Le rapprochement commercial entre la France et l’ltalie," Revue des deux mondes,
    1 January 1899, pp. 131-145.
Blanc, Edouard, La jeunesse de Delcassé. Paris, 1934.
Borsa, Giorgio, Italia e Cina nel secolo XIXM. Milan, 1961.
Brassey, T. A., "Can We Hold Our Own at Sea?" The Fortnightly Review, July-December
    1898, pp. 141-147.
Cambon, Jules, Le diplomat. Paris, 1926,
Carroll, Eber Malcolm, Germany and the Great Powers, 1866-1914. New York, 1938.
Chambrun, Charles de, L’esprit de la diplomatie. Paris. 1944.
Cilibrizzi, Saverio, Storia parlamentare politica e diplomatica dfItalia da Novara a
    Vittorio Veneto
. 7 vols. Naples, 1939-1948.
Clough, Shepard B. The Economic History of Modern Italy. New York, 1964.
Cognasso, Francesco, "Osservazioni sulla politica estera del ministro Prinetti secondo le
    recente pubblicazioni documentarie," Atti della reale academia delle scienze di Torino. May-October, 1936, pp. 282-306,
Cohen, Jon S, "Financing Industrialization in Italy, 1894-1914: The Political
    Transformation of a Late-Comer," Journal of Economic History, September 1967, pp. 363-382.
Cooke, James J., New French Imperialism 1880-1919, The Third Republic and ColonialExpansion.
    (Newton Abbot, UK, and Hamden, Connecticut, 1973), pp. 96-97.
Dethan, Georges, "Le rapprochement franco-italien, après la chute de Crispi jusqu'aux
    accords Barrère-Visconti Venosta sur le Maroc et la Tripolitanie (1896-1904),
    d‘après les archives du Quai d’Orsay," Revue d’histoire diplomatique, October- December, 1956, pp. 323-339.
Un Diplomate [Henri Cambon], Paul Cambon, Ambassadeur de France (1843-1924). Paris, 1937.
Droz, Jacques, "La France et 1’Europe," in L’Europe du XIXe et du X3^sifecle (1870-1914),
    Problemes et interpretations historiques
. Max Beloff, et. Al., eds. Vol. III,
    Paris, 1962, pp. 495-542.
Eubank, Keith, Paul Cambon, Master Diplomatist. Norman, Oklahoma, 1960.
Flamingo, Gaspare M. Les raisons financières de 1'amitie franco-italienne," Nouvelle Revue,
    15 March 1902, pp. 181-189,
Feis, Herbert, Europe the World's Banker. 1870-1914. An Account of European Foreign
    Investment and the Connection of World Finance with Diplomacy before the War
.
    New Haven, 1930.
Ferraris, Maggiorino, "Il progresso della finanza italiana," Nuova antologia, 16 January
    1903, pp. 342-363.
Geraud, Andre" ("Pertinax"), "Diplomacy, Old and New," Foreign Affairs, January 1945,pp. 256-270.
Glanville, James Linus, Italy’s Relations with England, 1896-1905. Baltimore, 1934.
Gooch, George Peabody, Before the War. Studies in Diplomacy. 2 vols. London, 1936.
Goldberg, Harvey, The Life of Jean Jaurès. Madison, 1962.
Gwynn, Stephen,and Tuckwell, Gertrude, The Life of the Rt. Hon. Sir Charles W. Dilke.
    2 vols, London, 1917.
Hale, Oron James, Germany and the Diplomatic Revolution. A Study in Diplomacy and
    the Press, 1904-1906
. Philadelphia, 1931.
Iiams, Thomas M. , Jr., Dreyfus, Diplomatists, and the Dual Alliance, Gabriel Hanotaux
    at the Quai d’Orsay, 1894-1898
. Geneva, 1962.
---------------, "La personnalité de Gabriel Hanotaux," Revue d’histoire diplomatique, July-September 1965,
    pp. 251-263.
Langer, William L., The Diplomacy of Imperialism, 1890-1902. New York, 1935.
---------------, European Alliances and Alignments, 1871-1890. New York, 1931.
---------------, The Franco-Russian Alliance 1890-1894, Cambridge, 1929.
Le Breton, Jean-Marie, "De Tanger a Algesiras. 31 mars 1905-7 avril 1906," Revue
    littérature, histoire,, arts et sciences des deux mondes
[formerly Revue des deux mondes],
    1 October 1967, pp. 365-380

Lee, Sir Sidney, King Edward VII, A Biography, 2 vols. London, 1927.
Lombroso, Cesare, "Il pericolo tripolitano," Nuova antologia, 16 April 1902,
    pp. 721-<725.
Luigi, Giuseppe de’, II Mediterraneo nella politica europa. Naples, 1925.
Maurras, Charles, Kiel et Tanger, 1895-1905. La république francaise devant 1'Europe,
    1905-1913-1921
, Paris, 1921.
Milza, Pierre, "Les rapports economiques franco-italiens en 1914-1915 et leurs incidences politiques,
    Revue d'histoire moderne et contemporaine, January-March 1967, pp. 31-70.
Nemi, "Camille Barrère," Nuova antologia, 1 March 1902, pp. 158-160.
Neton, Alberic, Delcassé. Paris, 1952.
Nicolson, Harold, Diplomacy, 3rd. ed., London, 1963.
Noel, Leon, Camille Barrère, Ambassadeur de France. Botirges, 1948.
Olle-Laprune, Jacques, La stabilite des ministres sous la troisieme republique, 1879-1940.
    Paris, 1962.
Parr, John Francis, Théophile Delcassé and the Practice of the Franco-Russian Alliance,
    1898-1905
. Moret-sur-Loing, 1952.
Pastore, Mario, "Una questione di fondo nel riavvicinamento italo-francese: l’hinterland
    tripolino, Rivista di studi politica internazionale. April-June, 1960, pp. 258-269.
Pinon, René, L’empire de la Mediterranée. Paris, 1904.
---------------, France et Allemagne, 1870-1913. Paris, 1913.
Porter, Charles W., The Career of Thèophile Delcassé. Philadelphia, 1936.
Pribram, Alfred Francis, England and the International Policy of the European Great Powers,
    1871-1914. London, 1931.
---------------, The Secret Treaties of Austria-Hungary. 1879-1914. 2 vols. Cambridge, 1921.
Recouly, Raymond, De Bismarck à Poincaré. Soixante ans de diplomatie républicaine.
    Paris, 1932.
Renouvin, Pierre, Les engagements de l’alliance franco-russe, Revue d’histoire de la
    guerre mondiale
. 1 February 1934, pp. 297-310.
---------------, La politique extèrieure de Théophile Delcassé, 1898-1905. Cyclostyled
    lecture course. Paris, 1962.
Ritter, Gerhard, The Schlieffen Plan. Critique of a Myth. London, 1958.
Salvatorelli, Luigi, La triplice alleanza. Storia diplomatica. 1877-1912. Milan, 1939.
Salvemini, Gaetano, La politica estera dell’Italia dal 1871 al 1914. Florence, 1944.
Schuman, Frederick L., War and Diplomacy in the French Republic. New York, 1931.
Serra, Enrico, Camille Barrère e l’intesa italo-francese. Milan, 1950
---------------, "Giuseppe Tornielli Brusati de Vergano," Storia e politica, July-September
    1963, pp. 336-363,
---------------, L’intesa mediterranea del 1902. Una fase risolutiva nei rapporti italo-Inglesi.
    Milan, 1957.
---------------, La questione tunisina da Crispi a Rudini ed il "colpo di timone" alla
    politica estera. Milan, 1967
,
---------------. "Vittorio Emmanuel III diplomatico," Nuova antologia, December 1952,
    pp. 428-436.
Seton- Watson, Christopher, Italy from Liberalism to Fascism, 1870-1925. London, 1967.
Skendi, Starvo, The Albanian National Awakening 1878-1912. Princeton, 1967.
Sorlin, Pierre, Waldeck-Rousseau. Paris, 1966.
Tardieu , André, France and the Alliances. The Struggle for the Balance of Power.
    New York, 1908.
Thayer, John A., Italy and the Great War; Politics and Culture. 1870-1915, Madison, 1964.
Théry, Edmond, Situation economique et financière de 1’Italie, Paris, 1903.
Tittoni, Tommaso, ("XXX"), "Il Presidente Loubet a Roma," Nuova antologia, 1 May
    1904, pp. 149-156.
---------------, "Visite ed ambasciatori," Nuova antologia, 1903, pp. 145-150.
Tommasini, Francesco, L’Italia alia vigilia della guerra. La politica estera di Tommaso Tittoni.
    5 vols. Bologna, 1934-1941.
Torre, Augusto, La politica estera dell’Italia dal 1870 al 1896. Bologna, 1959.
---------------, La politica estera dell’Italia dal 1896 al 1914. Bologna, 1960.
Vigezzi, Brunello, L’Italia di fronte alla prima guerra mondiale. I, Milan, 1966.
Volpe, Gioacchino, Italia moderna. 3 vols. Florence, 1943-1952.
Zevaes, Alexandre, Henri Rochefort le pamphletaire. Paris, 1946.
Zimmern, Helen, "Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy," The Fortnightly Review. January-
    June 1901, pp. 492-502.
Zorgbibe, Charles, Delcassé. Le grande Ministre des Affaires étrangères de la IIIe Républic.
    Paris, 2001.

4. Newspapers and Periodicals

    London, The Economist. 1898-1902.
    London, Pall Mall Gazette. 1898-1902.
    London, The Times. 1898-1902.

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